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What is Anal Fistula?

An Anal Fistula is termed as the small channel with an internal opening in anal canal & external opening in the skin near the anus. It is filled with pus or cavity. An anal fistula is common among who had anal abscess earlier. It occurs when abscess drained but not healed properly. Fresh Fistula can be cured with the help of medications whereas some chronic fistula required surgery

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What are the Types of Anal Fistula?

Usually, 4 types of Anal fistula are found which are:-

  • Intersphincteric Fistula: Which starts between the internal and external sphincter muscles and open very close to the anal opening
  • Transphincteric Fistula: which starts in the space behind anus or between internal and external sphincter muscles. It crosses external sphincter and opens outside the anal opening.
  • Suprasphincteric Fistula: Which starts in the gap between internal and external sphincter muscles and turns upward to puborectal muscle and then extends downward between the puborectal and levator ani muscle.
  • Extrasphincteric Fistula: which starts at the rectum and extends downward through levator ani muscle and opens around the anus
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What are the Symptoms of Anal Fistula?

Some of the common symptoms are given below:

  • Painful bowel movements and urination.
  • Foul-smelling discharge from or around the anus
  • Bleeding
  • Redness
  • pain
  • itching around the anus
  • Fever
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What are the Causes of Anal Fistula?

Some glands make fluid which may get blocked or clogged. And bacteria processing, fluid may get infected and may take the form of an abscess. If the abscess is not treated timely, it may make its way to the outside or punch a hole near the anus areas. Fistula is that tunnel which connects the gland to opening. So abscess if the main reason for causing Anal Fistula. Some of the common reasons may be:-

  • Tuberculosis
  • Sexually transmitted Disease
  • An ongoing illness affecting bowels.

How to Diagnose Anal Fistula

External Fistula may be diagnosed through a physical examination with having the symptoms of redness, inflammation, pus, cavity, and bleeding. To diagnose the internal anal fistula, some common techniques and tools are used which are

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Digital rectal Examination

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Anoscopy or Proctoscopy

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MRI or Fistulogram

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Fistula Probe

Diluted Methylene

Diluted Methylene blue dye


Flexible Sigmoidoscopy

Colonoscopy for Anal Fistula Treatments


What are the Treatments of Anal Fistula?
1Home Remedies

Fistula cant be healed through Home remedies if they are chronic in nature, whereas home remedies may relieve the symptoms

Consuming rich Fiber diets.

Drink Plenty of water to smoothen the bowel movements

Using topical medicine to heal the wound

Sitz bath helps to prevent infection and to leak out the pus & cavity

Oral medication helps to drain the abscess


There is no medication available to treat the Fistula, yet medication can be given to cure the symptoms such as pain, redness, and bleeding. Medication may help to cure the infection and make the healing process faster.

3Surgical & Non-Surgical Treatments
  • Laser Surgery
  • Fistulotomy
  • Fibrin Glue Application or Collagen plug

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Ayurvedic & Kshar Sutra Treatment for Fistula in Gurgaon

Treat Anal Fistula (भगन्दर ) Effectively through Ayurveda & Kshar Sutra in Gurgaon

Healing the fistula trough Kshar Sutra is one of the painless treatment to cure the problem. People who are not willing to go for the surgery may avail the Kshar Sutra treatment. In this process, Kshar Sutra is placed on the fistula tract. Anesthesia may be given to avoid pain. Kshar Sutra is tied through its ends together and replacement is done on a weekly basis.

Kshar sutra helps to drain out the infection and abscess part in the anus. Kshar sutra remain in direct contact of the fistula tract and this is why, it physically & chemically curettes the tract, sloths out its lining and allow it to collapse and heal. It is one of the painless, cost-effective treatment with no side-effects. There is no or fewer chances of sphincter control and resulting anal incontinence are very low.

Kshar sutra is a multi-staged procedure which required a weekly visit at the clinic or hospital. It may take time to heal through Ayurvedic Parasurgical method i.e., Kshar Sutra but results are positive. As a whole, Kshar Sutra is a satisfactory and result oriented treatment to cure Anal Fistula effectively. Get your consultation today only.

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